Gee whillikers, kids, uhm, here s one of the great social and, perhaps even , spiritual documents of Western Civ, and it s a ripping read that declared ongoing archetypes, and it s getting dissed forfor being a bit blind to its own time Which of us won t end up wishing for at least that when our tombstone gets knocked over sides which, how many first novelists can say they wrote the actual first novel Hmmm .
28 Daniel Defoe Relates The Tale Of An English Sailor Marooned On A Desert Island For Nearly Three Decades An Ordinary Man Struggling To Survive In Extraordinary Circumstances, Robinson Crusoe Wrestles With Fate And The Nature Of God This Edition Features Maps 987 Robinson Crusoe The Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, Daniel DefoeRobinson Crusoe is a novel by Daniel Defoe, first published on 25 April 1719 The first edition credited the work s protagonist Robinson Crusoe as its author, leading many readers to believe he was a real person, and the book a travelogue of true incidents Epistolary, confessional, and didactic in form, the book is presented as an autobiography of the title character whose birth name was Robinson Kreutznaer a castaway who spends twenty eight years, on a remote tropical desert island near Trinidad, encountering cannibals, captives, and mutineers, before ultimately being rescued The story has since been thought to be based on the life of Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish castaway, who lived for four years on a Pacific island called M s a Tierra , now part of Chile, which was renamed Robinson Crusoe Island, in 1966 1972 1343 404 33 sni 19 17191704The Further Adventures Of Robinson Crusoe.
Many consider this the first English novel It was published in 1719, and the setting was around 1650 But the amazing thing about this novel is that it s timeless Being stranded on a deserted island would be much the same today as it was 350 years ago It s a great tale though, one I grew up with, along with Treasure Island and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer The 18th century writing style is a negative for most kids today I would think.
August 1651Dear Diary,Woo hoo Run away to sea at last Mum and Dad didn t want me to go but honestly, what s the worst that can happen So far I m loving life on the ocean wave and have only been a little bit sea sick Anyway it s Bye bye Hull, hello Honolulu Yours, RobinsonJanuary 1653Dear Diary,Sorry it s been so long There was a minor incident with a shipwreck and just when I d managed to find passage on another boat some pirates turned up and I ended up as a slave I had to do loads of work for this Moorish guy and while it was all nice and exotic, it s not nice being stripped of all your civil liberties Anyway I ve just escaped with my buddy Xury and we re heading out to sea in order to see if we can flag down a bigger boat, er sorry, ship.
Yours, RobinsonMarch 1654Dear Diary,Just arrived in Brazil wowee it is hot here Much hotter than hull at any rate I m redder than a snapper on stick and am having a bit of trouble finding my feet There s some sort of carnival on and I ve seen a big hill which would like nice with a big statue of Jesus on it I ve met some nice blokes on the boat and they said they d help me make my fortune Someone is predicting that Brazil nuts will be the next big thing come Christmas next year so maybe I ll give that a go.
Yours, RobinsonJune 1660Dear Diary,Well it s been a while and a lot has happened I got myself all set up with a nice plantation and enjoyed the good life for a while here but I miss the salty tang of the sea air, the creak of the sails and the gentle rocking of the boat so I ve decided to sink my money into slavery and am going to put to sea as soon as I can I ve realised I m not one for a landlubbers life.
Yours, RobinsonNovember 1661Dear Diary,Well I am literally scuppered My slaving venture didn t go too well Guess I should have thought about my own time as a slave with that Moorish guy before I set out in order to profit from other peoples misery but hey, everyone else is doing it and even Bristol are getting in on the trade now by all accounts Anyway that s all by the by now We headed for Africa but a devil of storm came and dragged the ship and all the men on down to Davy Jones I think I m the only survivor and the sea has spit me up on this miserable sliver of land with only the clothes on my back A couple of animals survived too I ve called the dog Defoe and the cats are called Swift and Behn For now I just pet them but if I can t find any food then Defoe is going to make a tidy stir fry Am off to set up camp now so will write upon my return.
Yours, RobinsonJanuary 1662Dear Diary,I ve settled in and created a quite minimalist base camp It s taken a lot of ingenuity to make all the things I need Wreckage from the ship and flotsam and jetsam have washed ashore and provided me with some raw materials like sails and timber, bits of rope and metal It s not exactly the Radisson Blue but I m quite proud of my little house The cats and rats are multiplying quite ridiculously I shudder to think what it s doing to the ecosystem I kill and eat the goats and birds but they re getting wise to my tricks now I ve kept one of the birds as a pet and called him bird brian I m having to go further and further afield for food the other month I fell into a ravine and broke a limb I thought for certain I was a goner but the lord has been kind to me since I arrived here I m not normally one for solitude but the peace and quiet has been educational I suppose I ve become a bit introspective but I don t have much time to mope as staying alive takes up most of my days.
Yours, RobinsonAugust 1665Dear Diary,Visitors Wish I d baked something Turns out they re cannibals though so I guess nice scones and a cup of honest to goodness tea bark probably is not their thing Was tempted to smite them for being heathenish devils but I m looking pretty heathenish myself these days and beggars can t be choosers over company at a time like this One of them chose to stay behind Can t understand a bloody thing about him and he s not one for chatter I ve called him Friday and he s put up no objections so far Am looking forward to spending some time with my new friendYours, RobinsonMarch 1672Dear Diary,Seven years since I last wrote well you could have knocked me over with a parrots feather when I realised Friday and I have become firm friends Still not a lot of chatter but then a man is glad of companionship without all the additional twittering He s got a bit of a grip on my lingo now though and has shown an interest in the ways of our Lord I told him about my big statue idea He laughed Yours, RobinsonApril 1685Dear Diary,Recently some other cannibals came to the island They were planning to hot pot someone but we soon put pay that idea There was a bit of a to do and now we have two newly saved captives on our hands The island is starting to feel quite crowded One of them is a Spaniard who says his country men are near by and could save us, the other bloke was none other than my man Friday s father The two of them are off back to the mainland to rustle up a rescue party I keep thinking about bacon butties.
Yours, RobinsonDecember 1686Dear Diary,Today was my last day on the island Felt a bit sad to say bye bye I ve grown fond of all its nooks and crannies now, and though admittedly, I would give my eye teeth for a bacon sandwich and a nice cup of tea I suspect that never again shall I experience the resplendent solitude which I experienced on the island Don t know if I ll ever get used to sleeping in a bed and not a hammock either I m thinking of writing about my experiences though Wonder if this is the sort of thing that people would like to know about Friday has agreed to come with me which is nice but I m not sure what he ll think of Hull, after all it s no paradise island.
Yours, Robinson El mundo se me aparec a como algo remoto, que en nada me concern a y del que nada deb a esperar o desear En una palabra, me hallaba del todo aislado me habitu a considerarlo en la forma en que acaso lo hacemos cuando ya no estamos en l y bien pod a decir como el patriarca Abraham al hombre rico Entre t y yo hay un abismo Si hay algo que tengo que reconocerle a Robinson Crusoe es que seg n mi opini n dista mucho de considerarse como un libro de literatura juvenil, m s all de las constantes aventuras a las que es sometido el personaje principal No es La Isla del Tesoro ni Las aventuras de Huckleberry Finn Los viajes de Gulliver o cualquiera de las pintorescas novelas de Julio Verne Daniel Defoe le imprimi otra din mica al relato, le rode de circunstancias que llevan a Crusoe a ciertos extremos que ponen en juego su nivel de cordura, cuando reci n naufraga en esa isla desierta Hizo de este personaje un hombre que se sobrepone a todo, gracias a su temple, su personalidad y destrezas y que no cejar hasta volver a Inglaterra.
Es importante remarcar las coincidencias entre Defoe y Crusoe Ambos son h biles comerciantes En el caso de Defoe con vino y tabaco y en el de Crusoe con sus plantaciones en el Brasil y en ambos casos tambi n, el tema de la trata de esclavos Cabe recordar que en pleno siglo XVII era una actividad perfectamente normal de hecho Crusoe naufraga en un barco que realizaba este tipo de tareas El caso de Robinson Crusoe ha sido analizado profundamente por los especialistas en lo psicol gico, dado que lo que narra Defoe a partir de su estad a en la isla est relacionado a la soledad y la alienaci n del ser humano Algunas frases son realmente profundas y nos hacen reflexionar a partir del punto de pensar en c mo reaccionar amos nosotros mismos en una situaci n similar a la del c lebre n ufrago.
Cuando Defoe vislumbra que un nav o ha encallado cerca de su isla pero todos perecen hace sentir su clamorTal era mi ferviente deseo de que tan solo un hombre se hubiese salvado Oh, si tan solo uno se hubiese salvado Repet a una y mil veces Oh, si tan solo uno se hubiese salvado , pero sigue adelante con su solitaria vida S lo le queda confiar en Dios, de quien no reh ye ni reniega nunca y de su Biblia, tal vez, un libro y no cualquier libro que Defoe inteligentemente le deja a su personaje para asirse a l como tabla de salvaci n.
Sus ruegos son escuchados y cuando desembarcan can bales en la isla trayendo prisioneros, logra rescatar a un negro, a quien bautiza Viernes y que ser su fiel compa ero Una recompensa de Dios luego de veintitantos a os de soledad absoluta Y Viernes no lo defraudar Un querido amigo m o que es escritor siempre me comenta que la gran mayor a de los personajes m s importantes necesitan indefectiblemente por m s solos que se encuentren un compa ero a su lado En esta famosa lista de compa eros nombro algunos como Sancho Panza en Don Quijote para m , el compa ero ideal , o el Doctor John H Watson en las novelas de Sherlock Holmes, Queequeg en Moby Dick , Mephist feles en Fausto , Virgilio en La Divina Comedia , Stephen D dalus en Ulises y muchos m s.
Claro, que en el caso de Robinson Crusoe, este debe esperar veinticuatro a os hasta la aparici n del fiel Viernes Estamos hablando de un cuarto de vida Qu ser humano puede mantener coherente su mente y esp ritu con una estad a de soledad tan abrumadora y absoluta Pues Robinson Crusoe, quien luego de entender su situaci n, con el correr de los a os aprender en forma autodid ctica a sembrar y cosechar, ser carpintero, construir un dos refugios a los que denomina mi castillo , hacer sus propias prendas, criar cabras, orde arlas, hacer pan, pasas de uvas, camastros y rudimentarios muebles En fin, tiene toda una vida por delante mientras nadie venga a rescatarlo, con lo cual potencia el desarrollo de tantas habilidades.
Los bi grafos de Defoe dicen que el escritor se inspir en el caso del naufrago Alexander Selkirk, un bucanero que despu s de pelarse con su capit n, pide que lo dejen en una isla a 560 kil metros de Chile y donde permanece s lo por cuatro a os.
Pero Robinson Crusoe deja su isla luego de permanecer m s de veintiocho a os, ya entrado en a os, curtido y a n m s experimentado ante la vida, una vida a la que no le reprocha nada sino que utiliza como parte del aprendizaje que foguear su personalidad nica Vendr an despu s otros famosos n ufragos de la literatura como Arthur Gordon Pym de Edgar Allan Poe, el caso ver dico de Alejandro Velazco, quien fuera llevado a la literatura por Gabriel Garc a M rquez en Relato de un n ufrago e incluso una deliciosa novela llamada El caballero que cay al mar , de H.
C Lewis, el respetable gentleman Henry Person Standish, quien se cae accidentalmente del Arabella y que este desconocido autor retrata notablemente a partir de su ca da al mar Pero Robinson Crusoe es el primero y el m s famoso Tal vez, esta frase que aparece en la contratapa de la edici n de Penguin Cl sicos que le y que afortunadamente est traducida por el genial Julio Cort zar define perfectamente a esta genial novelaLa verdadera grandeza de una vida consiste en llegar a ser due o de uno mismoDesde su isla desierta, Robinson Crusoe nos da una lecci n de vida.
It is hard to estimate the literary and cultural impact of Robinson Crusoe First published in 1719, this is certainly the benchmark upon which most all castaway stories have been judged since Though I had to consider that Shakespeare s The Tempest was published in 1610 No magicians or witches here, and no Calaban lurking in the shadows, this is all about everyman Robin taking care of business on an island that may have been present day Tobago Having never read the novel before, I still felt like I knew the story, simply because of all the references to it that exist in various media What is not generally known is the quality and style of writing and the very illuminating before and after chapters, particularly his dangerous travails in seventeenth century France, that hadthan its share of wild trails and snarling beasts This is also an introspective work, with a loner ofthan twenty years having plenty of time on his hands to consider social, economic, political, philosophical and theological mysteries A book everyone should read.
This is one of those books that really serves to remind a modern audience of why we should kill whitey Robinson Crusoe is the story of a young man with atrociously bad luck who, unfortunately for any shipmates he ever has, suffers from an extreme case of wanderlust Every ship he gets onto sinks, but he just keeps getting onto them Even after he s got a nice, successful plantation of his own, he decides he s just GOT to get on ANOTHER ship to get this procure himself some slaves It crashes of course, and he gets stranded alone on an island Not to worry, though he s got a bible, and he successfully becomes a religious zealot while alone with nothing better to do It s too bad that his only book couldn t have been a copy of Don Quixote or something because maybe then he d have become ainteresting storyteller But no, like so many people who have terrible luck, he turns to god and starts counting his blessings,or less out of a lack of anything better to do Then, after he s been alone for 24 years, he sees a footprint in the sand, and he totally freaks, and he becomes convinced it must belong to the devil Ummm, ok So I m sitting there thinking, Maybe it s your own footprint But it takes this genius a whole day of scaring himself before he comes up with that explanation Anyway, it turns out not to be his footprint at all, it actually belongs to the savages Carribean Indians who apparently visit the island sometimes in order to cook and eat their prisoners, which, for the record, was not actually a common practice among Indians in the Americas And here s the part where you really hate white people He then saves one of the prisoners from being eaten and makes him into his slave, who he renames Friday, teaches English, and converts to Christianity Friday, instead of kicking this pompous jerk s posterior from here to next Friday after repaying whatever debt he owed Robinson for saving his life, is a faithful slave in every way for the remainder of the book Friday speaks in a pidgin English, which is probably realistic enough for a man who learned English late in life from one solitary individual, but Robinson has an offensive habit of translating easy enough to understand things that Friday says to us, the idiot readers At which he smiled, and said Yes, yes, we always fight the better that is, he meant always get the better in fight Also, during Friday s religious education, he asks Robinson why god doesn t just kill the devil and end evil, and because there is actually no good answer to such a question for a religious person, Robinson simply pretends not to hear him and wanders away What a jack ss Luckily, Robinson Crusoe s religious conversion doesn t last forever As soon as he s back in civilization and making money hand over fist, he pretty much gives it up Speaking of which, what was with the end of this book He gets rescued, he goes home, but there s no emotional payoff, and instead he goes on about his European adventures with Friday We don t care about the wolves and dancing bear We want to know, did you learn anything from your years away Do you feel like you missed out Was anyone happy to see you Did they have a funeral for you while you were missing What did your mother do when she saw you again Robinson Crusoe is a man without any of the human characteristics that make people interesting to read about when they get into difficult situations He has no regrets, no personal longings, and he never reflects on his life before he was on the island during his decades on the island I understand that this is just an adventure novel but people actually still read this tripe and consider it a classic